Friday, February 2, 2018


India has 29 states with different culture and civilizations and one of the most populated countries in the world. The Indian culture, often labeled as an amalgamation of several various cultures, spans across the Indian subcontinentand has been influenced and shaped by a history that is several thousand years old.

Throughout the history of India, Indian culture has been heavily influenced by Dharmic religions. They have been credited with shaping much of Indian philosophyliteraturearchitectureart and music.

 Greater India was the historical extent of Indian culture beyond the Indian subcontinent. This particularly concerns the spread of HinduismBuddhismarchitectureadministration and writing system from India to other parts of Asia through the Silk Road by the travellers and maritime traders during the early centuries of the Common Era.

 To the west, Greater India overlaps with Greater Persia in the Hindu Kush and Pamir Mountains.
 Over the centuries, there has been significant fusion of cultures between BuddhistsHindusMuslimsJainsSikhs and various tribal populations in India.

India is the birthplace of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism, and other religions. Collectively known as Indian religions.

 Indian religions are a major form of world religions along with Abrahamic ones. Today, Hinduism and Buddhism are the world's third and fourth-largest religions respectively, with over 2 billion followers altogether,
                 and possibly as many as 2.5 or 2.6 billion followers.
 Followers of Indian religions – Hindus, Sikhs, Jains and Buddhists make up around 80–82% population of India.

 India is one of the most religiously and ethnically diverse nations in the world, with some of the most deeply religious societies and cultures. Religion plays a central and definitive role in the life of many of its people. Although India is a secular Hindu-majority country, it has a large Muslim population. Except for Jammu and KashmirPunjabMeghalayaManipurNagalandMizoram and Lakshadweep, Hindus form the predominant population in all 29 states and 7 union territories. Muslims are present throughout India, with large populations in Uttar PradeshBiharMaharashtraKeralaTelanganaWest Bengal and Assam; while only Jammu and Kashmir and Lakshadweep have majority Muslim populations. Sikhs and Christians are other significant minorities of India.
According to the 2011 census, 79.8% of the population of

India practice HinduismIslam (14.2%), Christianity (2.3%), Sikhism (1.7%), Buddhism (0.7%) and Jainism (0.4%) are the other major religions followed by the people of India.[16] Many tribal religions, such as Sarnaism, are found in India, though these have been affected by major religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity.[17] Jainism, ZoroastrianismJudaism, and the Bahá'í Faith are also influential but their numbers are smaller.[17] Atheism and agnosticsalso have visible influence in India, along with a self-ascribed tolerance to other faiths.[17] According to a study conducted by the Pew Research Centre, India will have world's largest populations of Hindus and Muslims by 2050. India is expected to have about 311 million Muslims making up around 19–20% of the population and yet about 1.3 billion Hindus are projected to live in India comprising around 76% of the population.
Atheism and agnosticism have a long history in India and flourished within Śramaṇa movement. The Cārvāka school originated in India around the 6th century BCE.[18][19] It is one of the earliest form of materialistic and atheistic movement in ancient India.[20][21] SramanaBuddhismJainismĀjīvika and some schools of Hinduism consider atheism to be valid and reject the concept of creator deityritualism and superstitions.[22][23][24] India has produced some notable atheist politicians and social reformers.[25] According to the 2012 WIN-Gallup Global Index of Religion and Atheism report, 81% of Indians were religious, 13% were not religious, 3% were convinced atheists, and 3% were unsure or did not respond.[26][27]

India, being a multi-cultural, multi-ethnic and multi-religious society, celebrates holidays and festivals of various religions. The three national holidays in India, the Independence Day, the Republic Day and the Gandhi Jayanti, are celebrated with zeal and enthusiasm across India. In addition, many Indian states and regions have local festivals depending on prevalent religious and linguistic demographics. Popular religious festivals include the Hindu festivals of NavratriJanmashtamiDiwaliMaha ShivratriGanesh ChaturthiDurga PujaHoliRath YatraUgadiOnamVasant PanchamiRakshabandhan, and Dussehra. Several harvest festivals such as Makar SankrantiPongal and Raja sankaranti swinging festival are also fairly popular.
Indian New year festival are celebrated in different part of India with unique style in different times. UgadiBihuGudhi PadwaPuthanduPohela BoishakhVishu and Vishuva Sankranti are the New years festival of different part of India.
Certain festivals in India are celebrated by multiple religions. Notable examples include Diwali, which is celebrated by Hindus, Sikhs and Jains across the country and Buddha PurnimaAmbedkar Jayanti celebrated by Buddhists. Sikh festivals, such as Guru Nanak JayantiBaisakhi are celebrated with full fanfare by Sikhs and Hindus of Punjab and Delhi where the two communities together form an overwhelming majority of the population. Adding colours to the culture of India, the Dree Festival is one of the tribal festivals of India celebrated by the Apatanis of the Ziro valley of Arunachal Pradesh, which is the easternmost state of India. Nowruz is the most important festival among the Parsi community of India.

Islam in India is the second largest religion with over 172 million Muslims, according to India's 2011 census.[16] The Islamic festivals which are observed and are declared public holiday in India are; Eid ul FitrEid ul Adha-(Bakri Eid), Milad un NabiMuharram and Shab-e-Barat.[61] Some of the Indian states have declared regional holiday's for the particular regional popular festivals; such as Arba'eenJumu'ah-tul-Wida and Shab-e-Qadar.

Christianity is India's third largest religion. With over 23 million Christians, of which 17 million are Roman Catholics, India is home to many Christian festivals. The country celebrates Christmas and Good Friday as public holidays.[61]
Regional and community fairs are also common festival in India. For example, Pushkar fair of Rajasthan is one of the world's largest markets of cattle and livestock.

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